Among the many sweet treats that are available today, cotton candy is perhaps the one which exudes so much pleasure. Carnivals, circuses, street fairs, these are just some events that would not be complete without a cotton candy presence. Summers even wouldn’t be a lot of fun summer with no spun treat around. Kids, and even adults, enjoy summer and various fairs even more when they’re having a feast of the sugary treat. In fact, even the more formal gatherings and parties have taken cotton candy at all, what with the endless creative possibilities that may be done with this product to fit it into any occasion needing some touch of sweetness into it.
It is only fitting that this sweet confection connotes much pleasure. Really, we can understand why it is so with all the fun facts about it recorded below: The modern world has allotted a special day for almost anything perceived as noteworthy to celebrate, and spun sugar treat is no exception. In america at least, a National Cotton Candy Day is celebrated every December 7, highlighting how the sweet stuff has already had a hundred years of history into it to reach national importance. And of course, we need not say that cotton candy has from the time of its innovation gradually thrilled the entire world. Cotton candy bags are enormous, as the final product are also huge. But the fact is that this confection is mostly air and only a little sugar, which accounts for its being lightweight, in fact, lighter than feathers. It was previously called fairy floss and candy floss until 1920, referring to the tiny sugar strands from which the item is made. It tastes very sweet since the only ingredient it has is sugar, but a serving carries less calories with it compared to a can of soda. It won’t even lead to tooth decay when consumed only in moderate volume. Aside from that, it’s fat-free treat.
- While we can enjoy this treat now fresh or pre-packaged, in many flavors, patterns, and colors, it remains the same treat that it had been when it was first devised. This is because it’s an easy, flawless confection to start with. In Asia, Japanese and Chinese cotton candy sellers have turned the turning of sugar from a simple industry into a kind of art that is both glamorous and popular, and courses about it’s emerged in some big cities.
- The machines that are used now in making this confection is generally the same as those which were used when the first cotton candy machine has been invented less than hundred years back. Innovations are introduced, but the technology used remains the same.
- The cotton candy machine appears simple, but it is actually a technology that applies the understanding of scientific principles related to centrifugal force, the same way that some medical equipment and several other device applies the principle to achieve an intended outcome. In this sense, the machine could be considered as an advancement in mathematics.
The sport of roller derby has gained a great popularity over the recent years, especially among women. It is originally an American sport where, players lap the competitions for scoring their points. Originally, it did not have any fixed set of rulesnonetheless, after being a formalized game it currently has several rules that must be followed. Being an adventure sport, roller derby gear are quite helpful for the protection of players.
This Report lists few of the important principles of roller derby as formalized by Women’s Flat Track Derby Association:
Each player must be equipped with roller derby gear for their protection.
Roller derby games last for duration of an hour. The number of phases may be two or three per game. Each of these periods may range between 20 to 30 minutes depending upon the number of periods in a match.
The amount of players in a group is five. Out of these five players, three are blockers, 1 jammer and the last player is pivot. The pivots are responsible for leading the bunch constituted by the pivot and blockers.
The jammer players are expected to stand 20 feet behind the pack in the start of the game.
Upon that first whistle pack formation takes place which needs to remain as it is for the whole duration of the jam. The next whistle signals the jammers to get started.
Each jam last for 2 minute. In a jam, jammers lap the opponent packs as many times as possible. This permits them to score points. So as to block the jammers from the opposite team, the pack should stay maintained, failing which, the pack can’t block the jammer from lapping. In the event of an offensive blocking, roller equipment proves quite handy to protect you.
The decision of who becomes the lead jammer is created on the basis of who has lapped all the blockers and pivots first. The lead jammer gains authority to stop the jam whenever he/she wants even prior to the completion of the 2 minutes period.
In order to prevent the opponent jammers to lap and score points, the bunch can block the opponent jammer. However, the entire pack has to be maintained throughout and every blocker can only use the portion of their body above the thigh. They can’t hit or hold the jammer using their elbows. Violation of this rule can cause a penalty on the team. Once more, jammers need to be wearing appropriate roller derby equipment to stay protected from unintended or planned attacks.
Penalties may be imposed to the players or the team if the blockers become offensive or illegal, in cases of conflicts, or violation of any of the rules of the game.
The majority of historians think that chess is the oldest game of skill in existence. This was the Persian Empire, and thus the earliest chess sets and boards were Persian-made pieces used in the game they termed”chaturanga.” Unfortunately, no known pieces from the first few centuries of Persian chess sets remain in existence. Maybe someday an archeological dig will be fortunate enough to discover a few pieces, or maybe even a whole set, of the ancient version of chess.
The Persian Empire was enormous, and it was famous for being one of the most prolific trading empires. There was no corner of the empire that these traders didn’t reach, and they brought chess with them. The early version of chess quickly spread throughout the empire. These early chess pieces were made from many different substances throughout the Persian Empire, based on the resources of their owners.
More extravagant pieces were often carved from hardwoods like ebony and rosewood. The very best early chess sets were carved from ivory, which was favored by craftsman because of its ease of dividing and capacity to polish to a nice shine.
Luckily, examples of some of those early ivory chessmen still survive today. Pieces were discovered in modern-day Uzbekistan, and they’re in very good shape.
The next-oldest chess set in the world was found in India, and it’s been radiocarbon dated to around 900 AD. These pieces were the old style chessmen which were found in the Persian Empire’s version of chess.
More contemporary, European chess sets that players are knowledgeable about today date from not too long after this. The first example of these European chess pieces were stored at a monastery in Ager, Spain. They’re made from rock crystal which hasn’t survived the ravages of time very well, and just some of the pieces are in good enough condition to determine their use. The legend told by the monks that maintained the pieces over the years is that the set was originally carved for Charlemagne.
The oldest chess pieces that can be combined together to form a full set date back to the 12th century. These pieces, known as the Lewis Pieces, contain 96 individual bits that came from four separate sets. They were made in Norway out of ivory formed from walrus tusk and whale teeth. They’re in phenomenal condition, and seem as though they would be nice to use in a match today if they were not under glass at the British Museum.
European-style chess sets all had the exact pieces, but there were many different competing designs for certain pieces. This led to conflicts in games, when players would refuse to play each other because of the unrecognizable of particular pieces. A typical design for competition chess sets, known as the Staunton, was constructed in 1849 by Nathaniel Cook. It’s still the design used in boxing contests across the world today.
In the last article of sailing newcomer, I went over some sailing terms related to rigging and raising the mainsail. In this sailing beginner article we’re going to discuss how to sail from day one, this being the very first day. Hopefully, the wind is only at 5 or 6 knots, which makes it easy to keep control of the sailboat, especially when this is the first time at the helm.
Sailing Tip:Also to keep things manageable, I would suggest using just the mainsail for now, it’s better to wait until you’ve gained a certain amount of expertise by using the sails individually at first.
You’ll have plenty of opportunity to use both in a later time. By the way, a tiller is the steering control mechanism on smaller sailing boats. However take note, the tiller steers in the opposite direction you will want to go. If you turn the tiller to the vent or [left] side of the ship, it will steer to the right or the starboard side. On the other hand, a ship wheel works precisely the same as the steering wheel on a vehicle. So depending on how your sailboat is equipped with a tiller or a ships wheel will determine how you will steer with it.
Sailing Tip:I would suggest learning how to sail with the wind for a while before tacking or sailing upwind.
Just bear in mind that sailing downwind is significantly faster and simpler than tacking! It’s a good reminder to be aware of the time and allow a lot of time to return to your original destination. Your next task is to trim the mainsail to the wind by using the boom block. The boom block is a sailing term that’s a set of pulleys which are connected to the end of the boom and permits you to position the boom in a variety of angles up to 90 degrees perpendicular to the mast.
Running or reaching is the sailing term for traveling downwind and based on the angle of the mainsail in relation to the end, determines if you’re running or reaching. If running, the job of the mainsail is roughly 90 degrees to the center line of the hull. However if you’re reaching, then the mainsail is at an angle less than 90 degrees in relation to the wind.
Based upon your natural abilities, you might be happy reaching at first. By experimenting with angling the boom, you may gain the necessary skills for running or reaching. But there a wide range of boom angles involving a beam reach and running downwind. The sails are eased out away from the boat, but not as much as on a run or dead run (sailing directly downwind).
Next you’ll need to turn or come about. There are basically two ways to achieve this, by tacking or turning upwind is one way, or you can jibe or turn downwind that is quicker than a tack turn. The reason being is that in a jibe turn you’ve got the wind behind you pushing the sailboat through the turn, as opposed to a turning into the wind in a tack turn. I advise you to practice both turns the tack and jibe until you feel comfortable, as you will need this ability to tack or sail upwind.
Hopefully, this article about the best way best to sail is going to be a fundamental building block in your lifelong endeavor of sailing. In my next sailing newcomer article, I will be discussing tacking, until then Happy Sailing!
Hot air ballooning has existed for well over 100 years, but it has not always been accessible for everyone to enjoy. Nowadays, it’s a popular activity and appreciated by thousands of people all around the world. But it hasn’t always been so easy or popular to participate. Continue reading for a little history on how hot air balloon flights became popular.
The first ever-hot air balloon made was nothing like the hot air balloons used today. For starters, it was much smaller – not even enough space for a person to fit inside!
These balloons were like lanterns and powered by candlelight. They were popular since they were simple and cheap to create, but were extremely pretty and delicate to watch.
Lots of people have always had a fascination with hot air balloons and the physics of creating a machine that flies with no engine. The first manned balloon flight was recorded to have taken flight around the 15th of October 1783. Etienne Montgolfier was the first human to guy a balloon flight, ascending into the atmosphere above Paris. The balloon was tethered to the ground to prevent the balloon from flying too high, but he revealed that these balloons are also made for people.
The physics behind flying a balloon has not changed much since the first manned flight, however the design and style of the balloon have shifted dramatically.
Lanterns were used as military signs before satellites, radios and phones had been invented. These were made of similar materials and with the very same physics that power balloon flights now. Hot air balloons have been used in wartime since then; even with new technologies there has still been a need for them. This is since they’re relatively straightforward and cheap to build but can also be extremely effective. They have been used to protect cities from the enemy as they float just above buildings making it hard for aeroplanes to fly near.
How Balloons Are Used Today
Hot air balloons have various uses today. Before they were used as signs or celebrations. Whereas now they’re used for industrial balloon flights, sight seeing adventures and even as huge advertisements.
There are thousands of ballooning companies throughout the world that provide balloon trips. There are a variety of packages people can select from including VIP, which usually contains some special champagne. Or commercial balloon flights, which are common and give 10 or fewer passengers the chance to observe the skies!
Air balloon trips are popular as they give folks a chance to see the skies in another way. When they were first devised, balloon excursions were just for the privileged, but today balloon flights are used for a numerous of reasons, including adventure excursions, a way of advertising and also for corporate events.